AFRICAN TERMS AT A GLANCE

Abafana
Younger boys.
Batuque
The act of "batucar". To make some kind of rhythm using any kind of instrument.
Bois
See Trinidad Stick Fighting.
Curaçao Stick Fighting
Curaçao Stick Fighting was a popular art in Curaçao until the begging of the 20th century. Two men would get in the ring and dance and jump around to thr rhythm of the singing and clapping. Once a blow was dealt to the head, the one who dealt the blow was the winner. If blood cam from the wound, the audience would shout "Sanger Pa Tambú", or "Blood For The Drum". The loser then had to let some of his blood flow on to the drum from his head. The expression "Sanger Pa Tambú" is also said to be a way to challenge a rival to a duel. The game was used to challenger other men for their dancing partners. One who is practically invincible is given the honorable name "Stick Priest". The weapon used is a walking stick (a.k.a. "Garoti" or "Koko Makaku") and is roughly 80 to 90 cm in length.
Danmyé
Danmyé (a.k.a. "Ladja") is the first martial art to ever be practiced in Martinique. The wrestler has to get the upperhand of his opponent while respecting the drummer's pace. A fighter can win by referee's ruling afte a decision blow, one of fighter being hit more than the other (amount of points in a 2-minute fight), lifting your opponent off the ground, or being immobilized on the ground (Kakan). It combines strikes with wrestling and grappling skills. The wrestlers determine the fightin space by dancing around in a ring to the rhythm of the drum, known as the introductory stage of the fight. The wrestler then draws an invisible circle which represents a magic space and any person entering the circle is an opponent. However, all strikes must be restrained and given without intending to hit. They can only be given to drive the opponent to refuse a hand-to-hand fight. The wrestler has to hit and move in harmony with the rhythm or the guilty party would be disqualified. The main goal is to score more points than the opponent does and hit without being hit.
Donga
The Donga (a.k.a. "Surma Stick Fighting") is a contest of wild and violent staff (8 ft poles) fights that takes place in Ethiopia after the harvest. It is done to prove your manhood, settle personal conflicts and wo win wives. The only rules is not to kill your opponent.
Gambian
Gambian is an African martial art that is a deep-seated tradition and national sport. The warriors wear loincloths called "Juju's" and strut, dance, spar, and brag in challenge of noisy support from the drums. The fight continues until a contestant is brought to the ground. Punching, kicking, spitting and flinging sand in the eyes is all legal. After sundown, the atmosphere builds with excitment as the champions come out to fight.
Ganchorofé
A looped thing belt of wooven leather in it used on the end of a "Kok Makaku" or "Garoti".
Garoti
Walking stick 80 to 90 cm in length. It has a hole drilled in 1 end of stick with a looped thin belt of woven leather in it (a "Ganchorofé"). Used as a weapon in parts of Africa. A.k.a. Koko Makaku.
Hlala
Means "You are foiled". Used in Nguni Stick fighting
Ihawu
Shield used in Zulustickfighting.
Iklwa
Short stabbing spear.
Induku
The offenseive stick in Zulu stickfighting. It is har stick without a knob and made smooth and specifically for stickfighting. It is normally around 88 centimeters in length and the circumference increases slightly from bottom to top and the extra weight is what enhances the mobility of the stick. A piece of cowhide can be placed on their to ensure the fighters grip. A whisk of the cow's tail can be tied around the bottom to hide the sharp point. Though the stick has a sharp point is is not appropriate to use it during a honorable fight.
Intelezi
"The generic name for all medicinal charms, the object of which is to counteract evil by rendering its causes innocuous." These are sprinlking charms that are used by fighters to help get stronger and ward off defeat.
Inyanga
Herbalists. People that spread charms on fighters before a fight. See Intelezi.
Isangoma
Diviners. People that spread charms on fighters before a fight. See Intelezi.
Isijula
Long spear.
Isisila Senkonjane
The swallow-tail axe.
Izinduku
Fighting sticks.
Izinsizwa
Older boys.
Ladja
See Danmyé.
Kalindas
Battle.
Kamau Njia
Kamau Njia means "Silent Warrior" or "Way of the Silent Warrior" and is an African art that specializes in defensive tactics from non-lethal force to survival tactics. Beginning students are taught the fundamentals, which includes blocking, striking, rolling, falling, and footwork. Fitness and flexibility enhancement are a major part of the beginning curriculum. Fluidity in movements is learned through drills and footwork patterns. Kamau Ryu teaches striking, grappling, weaponry, restraining tactics, and more. It emphasizes trapping, redirecting and limb destruction coupled with controls, throws, and pins instead of hard blocks.
Kiungo Cha Mkono
Kiungo Cha Mkono (a.k.a. "Shackle Hands" and "The Shackle Hand Style") is an art where the hands are linked together. It takes traditional blocks and strikes and combines into one action. This defense can be practical in application, but it is more flashy than anything. There are three levels of movement, 1) hands joined at the wrist, 2) hands are separated, and 3) hands are crossed as the Egyptians are often depicted.
Koko Makaku
Walking stick. A.k.a. Garoti.
Laamb
Laamb (a.k.a. "Senegalese wrestling") is a wrestling art that takes place in Senegal. Before the event the beating of the drums along with the mellow voices of the singers will alert everyone that it's about to start. The crowd would gather around a sandy pit and watch several bouts before the final bout of 2 champions. The fighters would wear "wrappers" around their waist, which would be provided by their fiances or female relatives, and the rest of their body will be naked. The winner must knock his opponent's knees, shoulder, or back to the sand. Strikes and slaps are allowed nowadays.
Mayolet
Mayolet is a sitckfighting martial art from Guadeloupe.
Mkazo Ncha Shikana
Wrestling.
Ngumi
Boxing.
Nguni Stick Fighting
Nguni Stick Fighting is a stick fighting art that has been around for centuries and comes from the Nguni in South Africa. They use 2 sticks, one held in the middle by the left hand was for parrying and the other was held at the end in the right hand was for striking. All the boys do this in their leisure time, mostly during the dry months when not taking care of crop. Girls have been known to do it, but not as much. Boys were given their first stick when they are about 4 or 5 years old. Blows are usually aimed for the head and if a strike hits he yells "Yivume" which means "admit that the stick has reached you". If one successfully parries or blocks a strike they yell “Hlala” which means “You are foiled”.
Nuba Stick Fighting
Nuba Stick Fighting is a famous tradition in Nuba. They use a stick and a shield and the sport is always carried out at the end of Autumn and the beginning of the harvest. Stick Fighting is a part of the ceremonies that follow the harvest and thank god for the food. The fights occur at these festivals, can be an invite from one tribe to another, and can also be a man, aged in the upper teens, can hold the hands of his rival’s fiancee for a couple of minutes or cut her bracelets. Every fighter ties ribbons of thick cloths or torn blankets around their body to lessen the impact of the strike. Some fighters put hats of mud or seeds around their head for protection. If one of the fighers is badly hurt, he will be compensated with a symbolic reparation, such as a cow. Because of the dangerousness of stick fighting, the South Kordofan Advisory Council has restricted it in recent years. During celebrations there are demonstrations, but the old style is rarely seen today.
Peul
Peul is a martial art from Guinee Africa.
Senegalese wrestling
See Laamb.
Shackle Hand Style, The
See Kiungo Cha Mkono.
Shackle Hands
See Kiungo Cha Mkono.
Sticklick
See Trinidad Stick Fighting.
Surma Stick Fighting
See Donga.
Teke
Kicking maneuvers.
Tolo Naa, Master Nganga Mfundishi
Developed "Kiungo Cha Mkono."
Trinidad Stick Fighting
Trinidad Stick Fighting (a.k.a. "Bois" or "Sticklick") is an art from Carriacou. A conch shell is blown to call the drummers and the batonniers to the ring. There are many stances the main is to hold it with 2 hands in front of your face for defense and let swing down to which ever way you need. The object is to strike your opponet while moving away artistically to make them look foolish. It is a serious full contact art that can open gashes on the head and chest. Music is very important in most African arts and this is no exception. When the contestants get in the ring, different songs are played on the drums to help the contestants along.
Ubhoko
Blocking stick. A long, smooth stick that tapers down to a sharp point. It is a defensive weapon, its skillfully manuevered with the wrist in the left hand and used to protect the combatant from head to toe. It is normally around 165 centimeters in length. The circumference increases as the stick goes upwards. Used in Zulu stickfighting.
Ukuvika
The action of defense with Ubhoko can be referred to. A.k.a. "Ukuzihlaba."
Ukuzihlaba
The action of defense with Ubhoko can be referred to. A.k.a. "Ukuvika."
Umsila
A short stick held in the left hand to hold up the shield (Ihawu). Used in zulu stickfighting.
Yivume
Means "admit that the stick has reached you". Used in Nguni Stick fighting
Zulu Stick Fighting
Zulu Stick Fighting is a fighting art that comes from the Zule tribe in Africa. There are 2 sticks and the offensive stick is the Induku. It is a strong stick of wood, without a knob, carved smooth. The Ubhoko is the blocking stick. It is a long, smooth stick that tapers down to a sharp point. It is manuevered with the writs of the left hand to protect the body from incoming strikes. It is normally around 165 centimeters longs (meant to block for the body from head to toe), will depend from combatant to combatant. The Umsila, a short stick, is also held in the left hand with the ubhoko. It used to hold up the small shield that protects the left hand. A cushion is placed inside the shield for security of the left hand.

Source

These terms are from the rest of THIS web page and others are words I ran across while researching this page.