INDIAN TERMS AT A GLANCE

Akharas
Temples or gyms.
Bandesh
Bandesh is an ancient Indian martial art. The principle tenant is to defeat an armed enemy without killing him. It uses various joint-locks. They practice with weapons and keep the same principle. Many matches are fought with weapons and the one who wins is the one to disarms the other.
Bethak
Squats.
Binot
Binot is an ancient Indian martial art. It is a weaponless fighting wrestling techniques against armed and unarmed attackers. It is very difficult to learn and dangerous to practice. Some say it is the oldest type of combat.
Bothati
Bothati is an Indian Horseback spear fighting art.
Cheibi
A Cheibi is a stick encased in leather and about 2.5 ft long.
Cheibi Gad Ga
Cheibi Gad Ga is an Indian art that is one of the oldest Manipur arts that has evolved in to a competitive art in modern times. It uses a Cheibi which is a stick encased in leather and about 2.5 ft long. They use that in combination with a leather shield that is 3 ft in diameter.
Dand
Push ups.
Fari Gatka
Fari Gatka is an Indian fencing art centered arounds fari (shields) and gatka (swords). Gatka is a 3 foot, leather-covered stick used to practice sword fighting. Fari is 9 inches in diameter, is also leather bound. To score points, the stick must touch a vital point of the opponent's body.
Gada
Swinging weighted ball and mace.
Gatka
Gatka is commonly mistaken for a stick fighting art from Punjab (North West India). It developed in the 17th century and practiced by the sikhs to defend themselves against invaders. It is based on a single movement called the "Panthra." Initially, it is practiced for hours without weapons to develop the necessary footwork skills needed when wielding a weapon. The art teaches to fight many enemies at the same time and also to fight on horseback. You learn to be efficient with wither hand. It also involves meditation. To start you meditate for 11-31 minutes and this is to warm up the body and mind of the student.
Gurukal
Master.
Indian Wrestling
Indian wrestling (a.k.a. "Pahalwani" and "Mallavidya") has been around since around 11 AD. It is highly integrated with Hinduism so one achieves self discipline and purity of the body, mind and spirit. Indian wrestlers are well known for their flexibility and power. They do a heavy regiment of yogi (stretching postures), bethak (squats), dand (push ups), jori (swinging weighted wooden clubs), gada (swinging weighted ball and mace), and body massages.
Jori
Swinging weighted wooden clubs.
Kalari
Batlefield or place.
Kalari Payattu
Kalari Payattu is an ancient Indian art that uses weapons and strikes. The strikes are focused on precision strikes like having hte edge of the palm strike a point ot paralyze a person. They also use a 'S' shaped stick that is used to strike the nervous system.
Kalaripayit
Kalaripayit is a very ancient martial art from India that is similar to Jiu Jitsu. The art offers training in striking, grappling, weapons and more to make it a complete art. Training includes rigorous exercise, forms, and sparring. There are 2 styles, northern and southern. You learn unarmed techniques, stick fighting, other weapons, and secret striking of vital-points.
Kettukari
Long Stick.
Kirpan
Sword.
Kuruvadi
Short stick.
Lathi
Lathi is an Indian martial art centered around a cane or bamboo staff about 5 feet in length.
Mallavidya
See Indian Wrestling.
Marma Adi
Secret techniques of striking vital points in India. Used in Kalaripayit.
Musti Yudha
Musti Yudha is an Indian art that means "Mukki boxing." This is a brutal form of bare hand fighting that doesn't include any kicking techniques. In battles, death is know to occurr. They are known for their hand training and a well trained boxer can crack a coconut with a blow.
Otta
Means wooden club.
Pahalwani
See Indian Wrestling.
Panthra
This is a single movement that Gatka is based on.
Payit
Practices.
Sarit Sarak
Sarit Sarak is an Indian art that emphasizes evasive skills and offensive attack. According to the local legend, The Dragon God, Lainingthou Pakhangba, ordered King Mungyamba to kill the demon Moydana oh Khagi and taught him these techniques and presented him with a special spear and sword for this purpose.
Savasu
Savasu is an Indian martial art.
Silambam
Silambam is an Indian art of staff fighting. In the Vedic age, young men were routinely trained to defend themselves with staffs and hte experts named their staffs. The Silambam techniques makes quick use of the swift and agile footwork that allows for precision and momentum strikes. A student will learn to deflect stones thrown by fellow practioners.
Thang Ta
Thang Ta is an Indian art that refers to using the sword or spear against one or more opponents. This art is directly related to Tantic practices and is practiced in 3 disinct ways. the 1st is ritual in nature, the 2nd is composed of a series of dances with the sword and spear while the 3rd is combat. This art is said to have a common origin as Sarit Sarak.
Thoda
Thoda is an Indian art that is the art of Archery and is a remnant of arts that were popular in Simla, sirmaur and Solan. The name comes from the circular wooden ball used to replace the arrowhead. Different size bows ranging from 3.5 feet to 6 feet.
Vajra Musti Wrestling
Vajra Musti wrestling is a form of wrestling from India where contestants face each other with claw daggers in one hand and using wrestling techniques. As you can imagine there were frequent fatal wounds so this form was banned. It can still be seen today at fairs for demonstration.
Wagh Nakh
Means Tiger's claw. It is a walking stick.
Yogi
Posture stretches.

Source

These terms are from the rest of THIS web page and others are words I ran across while researching this page.